Drug Testing Panels


How do Drug Testing Panels Work?

Each specific lab that analyzes specimens for drug testing, puts together different drug testing panels to be analyzed when arriving at the lab.  The term panels refer to the specific drugs that are screened for in that specific drug test.  The most common panels include prescription and street drugs of abuse such as marijuana, cocaine, phencyclidine (PCP), amphetamines (including methamphetamine), and opiates.  We also offer several hundred different options for testing to include tramadol, meperidine, ecstasy (MDMA/MDA/MDEA), fentanyl, and a long list of opioids such as oxycodone and hydrocodone.  Listed below are the most common panels utilized for drug testing, however, if a specific drug is not listed or if you are in need of a customized drug testing panel, call us today at (800)221-4291 and speak with one of our drug testing specialists to determine which panel drug test is right for you.

 

What is Tested in a Drug Test?

Often in the drug testing world, tests are ordered without companies, courts, or people knowing what is tested. And with the most popular options being the 5, 10 and 12-panel tests, we are here to demystify exactly what is tested in each type of drug test.

5 Panel

The 5-panel drug test, specifically the urine, is by far the most popular test and the drug test of choice for the Department of Transportation (DOT). The drugs tested in a 5 Panel drug test are as follows:

  • Amphetamines (Methamphetamines is included)
  • Cocaine
  • Marijuana
  • Opiates
  • Phencyclidine (PCP)

Plus Expanded Opiates

When finding out what panels to include in your test, expanded opiates cover most prescription drugs for moderate to severe pain. The Expanded Opiates test can be added to any 5 or 10 panel drug test.

  • Hydrocodone (including Heroin)
  • Hydromorphone (including Codeine)
  • Dilaudid (including Morphine)
  • Oxymorphone (including Vicodin)
  • Oxycodone (including Lortab)
  • Lorcet

10 Panel

As we get deeper into the drugs, a.k.a panels, tested in each drug test it is important to note that a 10 and 12 panel test will always include the drugs tested in a 5 panel. These tests are more common when looking for something specific not included in a standard 5 panel. The drugs tested in a 10 panel include:

  • Amphetamines
  • Barbiturates
  • Benzodiazepines
  • cocaine
  • Marijuana
  • MDA
  • Methadone
  • Methaqualone
  • Opiates
  • PCP
  • Propoxyphene

12 Panel

The 12 Panel drug test is by far the most comprehensive.

  • Amphetamines
  • Barbiturates
  • Benzodiazepines
  • cocaine
  • Marijuana
  • MDA
  • Methadone
  • Methaqualone
  • Tramadol
  • Demerol
  • Opiates
    • Codeine
    • Morphine
    • 6 AM Heroine
    • Hydrocodone
    • Hydromorphone
    • Vicodin
    • Lortab
    • Lorcet
    • Dilaudid
    • Oxymorphone
    • Oxycodone
  • PCP
  • Propoxyphene

Collection Methods

The collection methods for drug tests are urine collection, hair follicle sample, and blood draw. All of the testing procedures are fast and easy.

Urine

The procedure for a urine drug test is simple. A donor provides a urine specimen in a cup to a drug testing collection specialist who will then seal the specimen cup, complete various documentation including a chain of custody form, have the donor initial the specimen cup seal, provide identification and upon completion of the collection and paperwork the specimen will be sent in a secure manner by Currier to the laboratory for testing.

HAIR

A hair drug test is a simple process whereby a drug testing collection specialist cuts approximately 120 strands of hair from the head or a specific amount from the body and submits the hair to a certified laboratory for analysis. If a donor does not have 1.5 inches of hair on their head, body hair can be utilized, however, if the donor is bald and has none or very little body hair, a hair drug test is not an available option, urine or oral/saliva test should be utilized.

BLOOD

Drug testing utilizing the method of drawing blood while not common is still used by many governmental agencies and the court systems. Blood drug testing measures whether a person has an illegal drug metabolite in their system at the time the blood is drawn.