Guidance for Maritime Operators on Compliance with Federal Drug Testing Requirements
The following are recommended actions for marine employers with mariners in safety-sensitive positions and who are subject to drug testing under 46 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 16:
Random Testing: USCG regulated operators shall continue to conduct random urinalysis tests reasonably spread throughout the current year as per 46 CFR 16.230. Furthermore, the Coast Guard understands that introducing third party collectors onto a vessel or sending mariners to a collection site, increases human contact during the pandemic. With that being said, In order to minimize human contact and safeguard the uninterrupted flow of vital commerce, maritime operators are encouraged to adjust random selection date (later times throughout the year after the emergency) and use their own office employees or mariners to administer the drug tests during the pandemic emergency.
Some companies already have “in-house” qualified collectors who are also authorized to train and certify other collectors. Online training options are also available on-line with virtual mock collections to certify urine collectors. Click here to learn more about online training for DOT qualified collections. With the current challenges, the Coast Guard realizes that these issues could make it difficult to reach the required 50% random test rate for all covered employees in 2020.
Consequently, the Office of Investigations and Analysis (CG-INV) will provide due consideration to those challenges when deciding whether or not to initiate an enforcement action against marine employers who fall short of the 50% requirement. If a marine employer does fall short of the 50% requirement they should provide an explanation along with their 2020 Management Information System (MIS) reports describing the testing complications and/or delays encountered during the pandemic, and describe the steps taken to maintain their random testing programs as described above. Always remember to document, document, document.
Pre-Employment Testing: Employers must continue to require pre-employment drug tests for newly hired crewmembers as per 46 CFR 16.210. However, 46 CFR 16.210 provides employers the ability to waive pre-employment testing for prospective employees who have been covered by another drug testing program for at least 60 days within the last 185 days.
With the current climate has caused and the potential need for USCG regulated employers to backfill crewmember positions rapidly, the Coast Guard, pursuant to 46 CFR 16.107 will consider employer requests to waive pre-employment drug tests for employees that have been covered by a random drug test program for at least 60 days within the last year of the intended hiring date. It is also important to validate that during this time the employee must not fail or refuse to test as required. Employers may email waiver requests to CG-INV at HQS-DG-lstCG-INVemail@example.com.